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壓力容器常用詞匯 二

2019-11-15 14:35   评论:90 点击:829

pipeandtube管子plate板rodsandbars杆和棒specificationfor標準standardpressure,parts標準受壓元件unidentified未鑒別的useofoverthicknesslistedinSectionⅡ采用超過列於第Ⅱ卷表中的厚度weldedvessels焊接容器Measurement,丈量dimensional尺寸ofout-of-roundnessofshells殼體不圓度Metaltemperaturedetermination金屬溫度,確定controlof控製Millundertolerance鋼廠負公差控製Minimumthicknessofplate板材的最小厚度控製Miscellaneouspressureparts其它受壓件控製Multichambervesselsdesign多承壓室容器,設計

Multipleduplicatevessels多個相同的容器Multiplesafetyvalves多個安全閥Nameplates銘牌Newmaterials新材料Noncircularvessels非圓形容器ligamentefficiency孔帶係數nomenclature術語obrounddesign長圓形設計rectangulardesign矩形設計reinforcement補強examples實例Nonpressureparts,attachmentof非受壓元件的連接Notchductilitytest缺口韌性試驗Nozzleopenings,reinforced接管開孔,補強的unreinforced非補強的vesselssubjectedtoexternalpressure承受外壓得容器Nozzlesattachmentoftoshell接管,與殼體的連接minimumthicknessofneck縮頸的最小厚度(seealsoConnections)(也可見連接件)Nutsandwashers螺母和墊圈Offsetofedgesofplatesatjoints在接頭處板邊的偏差Openingsadjacenttowelds開孔,鄰近焊縫closureof封閉forconnectionstobrazedvessels用於對釺焊容器的連接fordrainage用於排放head(seeOpeningsheadandshell)封頭(見開孔,封頭和殼體)inflatheads在平板封頭上inspection檢查manhole(seeManholes)人孔(見人孔)nozzle(seeNozzleopening)接管(見接管開孔)shell(seeOpenings,headandshell)殼體(見開孔,封頭和殼體)throughweldedjoints通過焊接接頭Openings,headandshell,computationof開孔,封頭和殼體,計算notrequiringadditionalreinforcement不需要附加補強reinforced,size補強,尺寸reinforcementforadjacentopenings鄰近開孔的補強reinforcementof補強requiringadditionalreinforcement需要附加補強shapespermissible許用形式unreinforced,size不補強的,尺寸Outlets,discharge,pressurerelievingdevices排放口,出料,泄壓裝配Out-of-roundness不圓度Overpressurelimitforvessels容器的超壓極限Partialdatareport,manufacturer’s零部件數據報告,製造廠的Parts,miscellaneous部件,各種各樣的Peening捶擊Pipeconnectionsopeningsfor管子的連接,用於開孔Pipefittingsvesselsbuiltof管子配件,製造的容器Pipeandtubes各類管子Pipeusedforshells用作殼體的管子pipingexternaltovessel容器外的管子Plate,curvature板,曲率measurement,dimensionalcheck丈量,尺寸校核Plateedgescutting板邊 ,切割exposedleftunwelded留下不予焊接的顯露部分inspectionof檢查Plates平板alignment找準cover蓋板cutting切割forming成型heattreatment熱處理identification標誌impacttest衝擊試驗inspection檢查layingout劃線lessthan6mmthickness厚度小6mmmarkingstransferaftercutting標誌 ,在切割今後的轉移minimumthickness最小厚度repairofdefects缺陷修理specifications標準structuralcarbonsteel結構碳鋼Plugwelds塞焊Pneumatictest氣壓試驗pressure壓力yielding屈服Porosityweldedjoints氣孔 ,焊接接頭Porositycharts氣孔圖Postheattreatment後熱處理connectionsfornozzlesandattachments用於接管和附件的連接coolingafter隨後的冷卻furnacetemperature爐溫inspection檢查local局部requirements要求temperaturerange溫度範圍weldedvessels焊接容器Preheating預熱Preparationofplatesforwelding焊接板材的籌辦pressure,design壓力,設計limits極限(seealsoWorkingpressure,allowable)(也可見工作壓力,許用)Pressurepartsmiscellaneous受壓件 ,其它的Pressurerelievingdevices泄壓裝配discharge排放installationandoperation安裝和運轉rupturedisks防爆模setting整定Pressurevessels壓力容器exemptedfrominspection免檢ProduceformofSpecification產品技術條件Prooftesthydrostatic(seeHydrostaticprooftest)驗證試驗,水壓(見水壓試驗)Qualification評定ofbrazers釺焊工ofwelders焊工ofweldingprocedure焊接工藝QualityControlSystem質量保證體係Quenchingandtempering淬火及回火Quick-actuatingclosures快開蓋Radiographfactor射線拍照係數Radiographing射線拍照examinationby檢查partial部分qualityfactors質量係數requirements要求spotexamination抽樣檢查retests從頭試驗thickness,mandatoryminimum規定最小厚度Radiographs,acceptancebyinspector射線拍照 ,由檢查員以為合格gammarays,radiumcapsuleγ射線,裝鐳的盒子interpretationbystandardprocedure由標準程序的說明roundedindications圓形顯示Reamingholesforscrewstays為固定螺釘用的鉸孔Reducersections,rulesfor變徑段 ,規程Reinforcement補強definedlimits規定的範圍headandshellopenings 1頁

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